Contents Selection Intro- digital images Conversion Quality Control Metadata Technical Presentation Digital Preservation Management Continuing Education
Table of Contents Basic Terminology-resolution ntro-resolution Intro-resolution

1. Basic Terminology

Key Concepts

digital images
pixel dimensions
bit depth
dynamic range
file size
file formats

additional reading



DIGITAL IMAGES are electronic snapshots taken of a scene or scanned from documents, such as photographs, manuscripts, printed texts, and artwork. The digital image is sampled and mapped as a grid of dots or picture elements (pixels). Each pixel is assigned a tonal value (black, white, shades of gray or color), which is represented in binary code (zeros and ones). The binary digits ("bits") for each pixel are stored in a sequence by a computer and often reduced to a mathematical representation (compressed). The bits are then interpreted and read by the computer to produce an analog version for display or printing.

Pixel Values: As shown in this bitonal image, each pixel is assigned a tonal value, in this example 0 for black and 1 for white.

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Table of ContentsIntro - resolution

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